Questão 13

Postpone Marriage 
 
Most Americans still get married at some point in their lives, but even that group is shrinking. Among current generations of adult Americans − starting with those born in the 1920s − more than 90 percent have married or will marry at some point in their lives. However, based on recent patterns of marriage and mortality, demographers calculate that a growing share of the younger generations are postponing marriage for so long that an unprecedented number will never marry at all. 
More Americans are living together outside of marriage. Divorced and widowed people are waiting longer to remarry. An increasing number of single women are raising children. Put these trends together with our increasing life expectancy, and the result is inevitable: Americans are spending a record low proportion of their adult lives married. 
Marriage rates for unmarried men and women have dropped from their post-1950s highs to record lows. Part of this fall is due to the change in the age at which people first marry. 
The length of time between marriages is also increasing, and more divorced people are choo
sing not to remarry. In 1990, divorced women had waited an average of 3.8 years before remarrying, and divorced men had waited an average of 3.5 years, an increase of more than one year over the average interval in 1970. 
Data on cohabitation and unmarried childbearing suggest that marriage is becoming less relevant to Americans. 2.8 million of the nation’s households are unmarried couples, and one-third of them are caring for children, according to the Census Bureau. 
 
According to the passage, 
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
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